Much of the Pug’s origins are a mystery, but the miniature mastiff-type dog appears to have been developed in ancient Asia. A favorite pet of Tibetan Buddhist monasteries, the Pug was brought by traders to Holland. By the late 1700s, the breed had
arrived in France, where Napoleon’s imprisoned wife, Josephine, used her Pug to deliver messages to Napoleon. The Pug’s official motto, multum in parvo, meaning “a lot in a little,” suits it well. In 1885, the AKC accepted the Pug for registration.


Small, 10 to 11 inches, 14 to 18 pounds.


Fawn or black.


Adaptable, even-tempered, pleasant, playful; exudes charm and dignity.

Energy level:

Low to medium.

Best owner:

One with plenty of time for interaction and who can tolerate wheezing and snoring.


Low heat and humidity; minimal coat care; daily cleaning of facial wrinkles.

Life expectancy:

12 to 14 years.