The swift and noble Saluki is perhaps the most ancient domesticated breed of dog, its image visible on pottery from Iran circa 3500 BC. Arab nomads used the Saluki to run down gazelles, Egyptians depicted the breed on tombs and mummified Saluki remains to be buried with pharaohs, and English hunters relied on Salukis to course hare. Today the Saluki’s talents are a bit less dangerous, serving as exotic companions and graceful competitors in the show ring.


Large, 40 to 70 pounds; females usually 23 to 28 inches; males 23 to 29 inches.


White, cream, fawn, golden, red, grizzle and tan, tricolor, black and tan, and more.


Independent and devoted. Fine with older children, but not with rough play. Aloof with strangers. Chases anything that moves.

Energy level:

High outside, low indoors if properly exercised.

Best owner:

Active owner in a rural or suburban home.


Daily exercise (running free in an enclosed area is best), leash, fenced yard, patient training, soft bedding, weekly brushing.

Life expectancy:

12 to 14 years.