Canaan Dog


The Canaan Dog has a long and eventful history, beginning in ancient times in the biblical Land of Canaan as an adept guard and herd dog of the ancient Israelites; when the Israelites were dispersed by the Romans 2,000 years ago, many dogs survived on their own or lived with Bedouins, who raised them as guard and livestock dogs. Later, Canaan Dogs were trained as sentry dogs, messengers, and land mine locators. The first Canaan Dogs arrived in the U.S. in 1965.


Medium; females 19 to 23 inches, 35 to 45 pounds; males 20 to 24 inches, 45 to 55 pounds.


White with black, brown, or red markings; brown or black, with or without white markings.


Devoted, docile, and willing to please family; reserved and aloof with strangers.

Alert, vigilant, and territorial; vocal and persistent.

Energy level:


Best owner:

Active owner in a suburban or rural home.


Plenty of exercise and mental and physical challenges; secure fencing, training, human contact, weekly brushing, and early socialization.

Life expectancy:

12 to 15 years.