Cavalier King Charles Spaniel


The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, a descendant of European toy Spaniels, was a pet of aristocratic families during Tudor times. In the 1700s, King Charles II favored it so much it was given its royal name. The breed changed over the years until the 1920s, when an American fancier generated enough breeder interest to revive the original spaniel. The first Cavaliers were sent to America in 1952, but the AKC didn’t recognize the breed until 1996.


Small, 12 to 13 inches, 13 and 18 pounds.


Red and white, tricolor, black and tan, mahogany red.


Gentle, sweet, and easy to please. An affectionate, nonaggressive breed that is friendly with other dogs, pets, and strangers.

Energy level:


Best owner:

Active seniors, families with considerate children.


Exercise, regular grooming, and cuddling.

Life expectancy:

12 to 15 years.