Collie (rough and smooth)

History/Evolution:

Long used as herding dogs in Scotland and England, the Collie became fashionable after Queen Victoria was smitten with the breed in 1860. Two varieties of Collie exist: rough coated and smooth, the smooth and rough varieties are identical in standard except for their coats. Settlers brought Collies to the U.S. to work sheep farms, and the breed continued its rise in popularity. Lassie, the most famous rough-coated Collie of all time, further solidified the breed’s place in popular history.


Size:

Medium to large; females 22 to 24 inches, 50 to 65 pounds; males 24 to 26 inches, 60 to 75 pounds.

Color:

Sable and white, tricolor, blue merle, and white.

Temperament:

Sensitive, intelligent, gentle, and mild mannered. A devoted family dog; especially good with children, but may nip at heels. Some bark when left alone.

Energy level:

Medium.

Best owner:

Active family.

Needs:

Daily exercise (herding is an excellent choice), close bonding with family, gentle handling, weekly brushing.

Life expectancy:

10 to 13 years