English Toy Spaniel


Like its relative, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, the English Toy Spaniel was a beloved companion of royalty and families of privilege in Europe. Mary, Queen of Scots, is believed to have favored this spaniel; the story goes that one of the dogs even refused to leave her side at the scaffold. Though English Toy Spaniels are perfectly content as lapdogs, they retain their natural hunting instinct. The breed achieved AKC recognition in 1886.


Small, 10 to 11 inches, 8 to 14 pounds.


Red and white, tricolor, black and tan, mahogany red.


Not overly active, but bright and interested, willing to please. May be shy with strangers or in new situations.

Energy level:


Best owner:

Loving, calm owner who is open to plenty of lap time.


Long coat needs brushing twice weekly.

Life expectancy:

10 to 12 years.