Finnish Spitz


Originally known as the Finnish Cock-Eared Dog and the Finnish Barking Bird Dog, the Finnish Spitz excelled at hunting birds and small game; hunters relied on the vocal breed to alert them to prey. Although interbreeding threatened the breed’s survival, two Finnish sportsmen were able to salvage the “Finkie.” More of a companion in the U.S., the breed is still used for hunting in Finland. With its erect years and plumed tail, the Finnish Spitz resembles a lively red fox.


Medium; females 151/2 to 18 inches, 23 pounds; males 171/2 to 20 inches, 29 pounds.


Shades of golden red.


Active, lively, friendly, eager; good with children but often devoted to one person. Aloof with strangers, aggressive with strange dogs. Barks.

Energy level:


Best owner:

Active owner or hunter.


Daily exercise, leash, fenced yard, human interaction, reward training, tolerance of barking, brushing twice a week (more when shedding).

Life expectancy:

12 to 14 years.