Golden Retriever


The Golden Retriever was developed in Scotland in the late 1800s as a hunting dog. Lord Tweedmouth, who wanted a Retriever suited to the Scottish terrain and climate, is credited with the breed’s beginnings. The Golden’s popularity grew, and the breed was brought to the United States in the 1920s. Although the breed is still valued for its hunting abilities, its intelligence, beauty, and eager-to-please attitude has made it one of the top breeds in the U.S.


Medium; females 211/2 to 221/2 inches, 55 to 65 pounds; males 23 to 24 inches, 65 to 75 pounds.


All shades of gold, from pale to rich reddish gold.


Friendly, devoted, and obedient; eager to please as a family companion, with excellent rapport with children. Active and boisterous; needs exercise and activity.

Energy level:

Medium to high; field lines higher than show lines.

Best owner:

Active, social family in suburban or rural home.


Daily physical and mental exercise (games, retrieving, obedience), human interaction, fenced yard, twice-weekly brushing.

Life expectancy:

10 to 14 years.